Fort Collins Tree Care Fort Collins Tree Care  
Dedicated to Tree Preservation
in the Urban Forest
 
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or call 970.484.3084
Fort Collins Tree Care Fort Collins Tree Care
Click for a FREE estimate
or call 970.484.3084
Dedicated to Tree Preservation in the Urban Forest
Fort Collins Tree Care Fort Collins Tree Care
Click for a free Estimate or call 970.484.3084
Dedicated to Tree Preservation in the Urban Forest
Fort Collins Tree Care
or call 970.484.3084

The Emerald Ash Borer has been confirmed in Longmont, Colorado - June 8, 2016

Please do not move wood from ash trees from Boulder County, it is an emerald ash borer quarantine area. The EAB was first found in Colorado in September 2013 in Boulder. There are no known predators in Colorado to control the EAB population. They attack ash trees which make up about 15% of Colorado's urban forest, and have killed millions of ash trees in the United States.

If you have a valuable ash tree that you want protected from the EAB, call us, we can treat your ash trees to prevent damage from the emerald ash borer.

Damage caused by emerald ash borer

The Colorado Department of Agriculture has identified Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) in the city of Boulder. Currently, this is the only population in the state of Colorado. Tree damage from the emerald ash borer occurs when larval stages of the insect feed on the conductive tissue (inner bark) of ash trees. The emerald ash borer damages all species of North American ash trees, but not the mountain ash which is not a true ash. Adults eat leaves of the ash tree but don't cause much damage. Larvae cause the most damage by eating the inner bark (phloem and cambium layers), preventing the flow of nutrients and water until the tree dies. The canopy of an infested tree will start to thin and die back when the inner bark is damaged by the larvae. Emerald ash borers prefer to feed on stressed trees, but will feed on healthy tees too, and it is considered the most destructive forest pest ever seen in North America.

Emerald Ash Borer damage William M. Ciesla, Forest Health Management International, Bugwood.org

How to identify emerald ash borers

The emerald ash borer larvae reach 1" to 1 1/4" long, pale body with bell shaped segments, and create meandering galleries in the inner bark. Adult emerald ash borers are dark metallic green beetles, ~1/2" long and 1/8" wide. The body is bullet shaped and the top of the abdomen under the wings is copper, brown or purple colored. The emerald ash borers create "D" shaped exit hole is about 1/8" in diameter when they exit the tree.

Emerald Ash Borer Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources - Forestry Archive, Bugwood.org

Life cycle of the emerald ash borer

Adult emerald ash borers emerge from mid-May through late June, chewing "D" shaped holes in the bark to exit the tree. They feed on leaves of ash trees for about a week, flying up to 1/2 mile to find new trees and mate. A few days after mating, the female emerald ash borer typically lays 40-70 eggs (white or reddish brown, 0.6-1mm in diameter) in bark crevices and cracks. The eggs hatch 2 weeks later and the larvae chew through the bark to get to the inner bark layers (phloem and cambium). The emerald ash borer larvae create serpentine galleries under the bark and eat the inner bark. The larvae mature in fall, reaching 1" to 1.3" in length, and then they excavate chambers in the sapwood or bark to overwinter. Some larvae require a second year before becoming adults. In the spring, larvae develop into adults, and leave the tree.

Emerald Ash Borer larvae Kenneth R. Law, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org

How to control the emerald ash borer

There are several preventative treatments for this pest. The main treatment chemicals are Permethrine, Bifenthrin, Imidacloprid, Dinotefuran, Emamectin benzoate, and Azadirachtin. These chemicals are delivered to the tree by soil injection, trunk injection or trunk spray. Treatments are best when done as a preventative; however, depending on the amount of crown damage, some curative treatments are possible. The effectiveness of these treatments has a lot to do with health of the plant, soil conditions, and other environmental factors. It is also suggested that treatment should be done if emerald ash borer is detected within 15 miles of your trees. We are recommending preventative treatments for your trees even if you are out of the 15 mile radius depending on the size and potential of your ash. This pest traveled over 600 miles from last known location in Kansas in a short period of time. In addition to natural vectors, human vectors can move this pest rapidly. Do not move ash fire wood out of your specific location.

The key is not to panic. We feel that early detection in the city of Boulder allows for a sensible rapid response. We are offering Imidacloprid soil injection and permethrin trunk applications in the spring. Two trunk applications have proven effective on some ash trees. We are also suggesting the standard trunk spray for lilac ash borer on ash trees under 8 inches in diameter. If emerald ash borer is detected in your neighborhood an assessment of plant health and vigor should be done to determine if treatment is the best option. Be proactive and plant other tree species that are not susceptible to emerald ash borer. If concerned, always consult an ISA certified arborist. And remember commercial applicators must be licensed by the Colorado Department of Agriculture.

Please feel free to call with any questions. We are here to help and serve our customers. One of the best information web sites I have found is www.emeraldashborer.info. Thank you for your confidence in Fort Collins Tree Care. Our goal is the preservation of your tree using the most appropriate treatment options available when and if needed.

Emerald Ash Borer exit hole William M. Ciesla, Forest Health Management International, Bugwood.org

 
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301 E. Douglas Road
Fort Collins, CO 80524
970.484.3084
Fort Collins Tree Care Inc.
301 E. Douglas Road
Fort Collins, CO 80524
970.484.3084
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